Bela Bartok (1881-1945)
Hungarian Gypsy Band
Hungarian folk singing and dancing
More Hungarian dancing
The tradition lives on
Some of Bartok's Violin Duets
Music for Strings, Percussion, and Celeste (used in the movie The Shining)
Piano Sonata (1926)
Bartok Second String Quartet with score
Concerto for Orchestra played by the Chicago Symphony (This has a very short spoken introduction to the piece by the conductor.)
Edgard Varese (1883-1965)
Wikipedia article about Edgard Varese
Article about Varese by Frank Zappa
Concord Sonata Movement III "The Alcotts"
The Unanswered Question
Ives String Quartet No. 1
Ives singing his own "They are There"
Quarter Tone Piano Music
George Gershwin (1898-1937)
Rhapsody in Blue (original recording)
Gershwin playing "I Got Rhythm"
Lullaby for String Quartet
Summertime from Porgy and Bess
Aaron Copland (1900-1990)
Vitebsk (these pitches are quarter tones, and are not out of tune!)
Appalachian Spring Part 1
Appalachian Spring Part 2
Appalachian Spring Part 3
Appalachian Spring Part 4
1973 American Ballet Theater Rodeo
Hoedown from Rodeo
Fanfare for the Common Man
Inscape (1967) Perhaps there might be a bit of Ives influence here!
Igor Stravinsky (1882-1971)
Part One of the Rite of Spring
Opening of The Rake's Progress (starring Dawn Upshaw and the late Jerry Hadley)--who are both from Illinois.
No Word From Tom from The Rake's Progress
Here's part of the end of the Firebird.
Sergei Prokofieff (1891-1953)
Gavotte and Finale from the Classical Symphony (the last movement starts at 1'59")
Richter playing the Waltz from Cinderella"
Peter and the Wolf claymation (it is actually a "listener's digest" version of the music), but you can certainly hear the themes and get an idea of the piece.
Alexander Nevsky Battle on the Ice
Dmitri Shostakovich (1906-1975)
Opening of Symphony #9
Last movement of Symphony #5
First movement of the cello concerto
Shostakovich speaks and plays some of his 7th Symphony.
Eighth String Quartet Part 1
Camille Saint-Saens (1835-1921)
Introduction and Rondo Capriccioso
Second movement of the "Egyptian" Piano Concerto
All of the Egyptian Piano Concerto played by Richter (check out the sleigh bells at 18:19, and the odd harmonics at 13:25 and 19:36).
Here's a bit of the Symphony #3, the "Organ Symphony."
Here's the Introduction and the Lion, and The Cuckoo from the Carnival of the Animals, and here's the Swan. Don't forget the Fossils. All the animals are great in this great chamber music version of the piece.
Gabriel Fauré (1845-1924)
Pie Jesu from the Requiem (Sung by Lucia Popp).
Here's a bit of his Piano Quartet
This is the very well-known song Apres un reve, and here is the text and an English translation.
Translation of La lune blanche by Paul Verlaine, and here's a recording.
Claude Debussy (1862-1918)
You can hear Debussy playing "Green," a song set to a poem by Paul Verlaine with Mary Garden singing
Reflets dans l'eau
Pelleas et Melisande Act III, Scene 1 (The sound is not synchronized, but there are subtitles, and the singing is great.)
English Translation (this scene begins on page 21 of the PDF)
Read about the American reaction to the first performance here in 1908!
Here's a performance of the Prelude a l'apres midi d'un Faun with the original choreography.
Here's the way Debussy wrote for string quartet.
Maurice Ravel (1875-1937)
Sonatine in a transcription for flute, viola, and harp.
Chansons Madecasses 1
Here's the text and English translation
Chansons Madecasses 2 and the its text and English translation
Here's a 1932 recording of Ravel conducting his own Bolero, and here's part 1 of more recent recording of Bolero, and part 2. Notice the nifty bitonality in the second part, as well as the written-in trombone slides.
This article about Maurice Ravel has some sound clips at the end
Arnold Schoenberg (1874-1951)
Sextet Version of Verklärte Nacht, part 1
Verklärte Nacht, part 1
Verklärte Nacht, part 2
Verklärte Nacht, part 3
Kammersymphonie, Opus 9.
Der Mondfleck from Pierrot Lunaire (This is the poem about Pierrot being all dressed up and being distressed about a fleck of moonlight on the back of his jacket that wouldn't go away!)
Here's the first part of Pierrot Lunaire with the score. Here's the second part, and the third part.
Here's an article about Schoenberg's 12-tone system, and a short video that explains it further.
Here's a familiar example of Schoenberg's influence.
Arnold Schoenberg Center
Alban Berg (1885-1935)
Wozzeck Act 3, Scene 2
Lulu, Opening Scene
Act III Interlude Variations on a Theme
Here's a bit of serious Berg influence in popular culture. Compare with 3:42 of the above Wozzeck clip from Act 3.
Anton Webern (1883-1945)
Five Movements 1
Five Movements 2
Five Movements 3
Five Movements 4
Five Movements 5
Richard Strauss (1864-1949)
Listen to the opening of Also Sprach Zarathustra by Richard Strauss and pay attention to the deeply tonal nature of the music (which you probably have heard before).
Dance of the Seven Veils, part 1
Dance of the Seven Veils, part two
Salome Final Scene, part 1
Salome Final Scene, part 2
Final Scene, part 3
Here is a film clip of Richard Strauss conducting. The music begins at 1:08.
Gustav Mahler (1860-1911)
Here's the opening of Mahler's First Symphony, and the opening of the third movement.
Here's the opening of Mahler's Fifth Symphony conducted by Leonard Bernstein.
"Ging heut Morgen übers Feld" sung by Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau.
Kathleen Ferrier sings Ich bin der Welt abhanden gekommen.
Labels: Mahler Class 27
Johannes Brahms (1833-1897)
Here's the third movement of the Brahms C minor Piano Quartet, and here's the fourth movement performed by another ensemble. Here is a performance of the Piano Quintet (string quartet plus piano).
Here is a film of Yehudi Menuhin playing the Hungarian Dance #5.
Here is a film of Richter playing the opening of the Second Piano Concerto.
This is the beginning of the last movement of the First Symphony. The Beethoven-like tune begins at 2:37. This is the third movement from Brahms' Third Symphony.
Here's the last movement of the Violin Concerto played by Henryk Szeryng, and a performance of the same movement by Nathan Milstein.
Pitor Illich Tchaikovsky (1840-1893)
Here's a film of Henryk Szeryng playing the last movement of the Violin Concerto. Notice the lyrical second theme is a lot like Lensky's Aria from Eugene Onegin sung here in a German translation by Fritz Wunderlich.
This Russian Dance from the Nutcracker ballet is one of Tchaikovsky's best-known pieces.
This Waltz from Sleeping Beauty is another of his best-known pieces.
Here is the Scherzo from Tchaikovsky's D major String Quartet.
Here's a great Monty Python parody of the opening of the Piano Concerto, and the finale of the Fifth Symphony conducted by Leonard Bernstein.
Labels: Class 27 Brahms and Tchaikovsky