Italian Opera: Rossini, Verdi, and Puccini


Gioacchino Rossini (1792-1868)

Largo al factotum from Rossini's The Barber of Seville.
Another vastly-different approach to the staging of the same aria.

Non piu mesta from Rossini's La Cenerentola, sung by Cecilia Bartoli.



Giuseppe Verdi (1813-1901)

Libiamo Libiamo, the drinking song from Verid's La Traviata, sung by Placido Domingo and Theresa Stratas.

La donne e mobile from Verdi's Rigoletto sung by Luciano Pavarotti. Here's an English translation.

Niun me tema, the end of
Otello with Placido Domingo and Renee Fleming, and niun me tema
from another production.


Giacomo Puccini (1858-1924)

Vissi d'arte from Puccini's Tosca and an English translation. and here's E lucevan le stelle with subtitles, and performance I like better without subtitles (the singer is the same--Placido Domingo).

Nessun Dorma from Puccini's Turandot. Here's an English translation.

Chopin, Paganini, Liszt, and the Schumanns

Niccolo Paganini (1782-1840)

Here's Nathan Milstein playing the Caprice #5, and here is a link to the original manuscript of the 24 Caprices.

Here's Mayuko Kamio playing the Caprice #24 (which is a theme and variations), and Paganini's Joke played by Joseph Lendvay.

The Paganini Project: Everything you can imagine about Paganini!
Here's a great relationship-filled biography of Franz Liszt (a PDF) that is filled with pictures.


Caricatures of Franz Liszt
Watch Gyorgy Cziffra play Liszt's Gnomenreigen, and the Grand Gallop Chromatique. The watch the 8-year-old Umi Garrett play the Gnomenreigen.

Now listen to Richter play the first movement, the second movement, and the last movement of Liszt's Second Piano Concerto.


Frederick Chopin

Richter plays the Chopin Etude Opus 12, No. 11 and the Scherzo

Here's a link to a performance of the Revolutionary Etude in C minor, and here's a link to the music.

Here's a list of all of Chopin's music.



Chopin and Liszt meet "Hollywood Style"

Here's a complete list of music by Liszt.


Clara and Robert Schumann

Claudio Arrau plays Carnaval (this chunk begins with Eusebius, and ends with A.S.C.H. - S.C.H.A., and he leaves out Sphinxes). This chunk begins with Charina, which is followed by Chopin. Paganini begins at about 7 minutes in.

Here's the score.

Here is a bit of Clara Schumann's Piano Concerto, and some of her Piano Trio.

Here is Ich grolle nicht from Robert Schumann's Dichterliebe as sung by Robert Sims, and here's some of his Piano Quintet.

Here's Robert Schumann's Third Symphony, called "The Rhenish."

Schubert, Berlioz, and the Mendelssohns


Franz Schubert

Fritz Wunderlich singing An Silvia. Here's the text and translation.
Erlkönig sung by Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
Dudley Moore's parody of the Erlkönig
Das Wandern sung by Peter Pears with Benjamin Britten at the piano
Wohin
Der Neugierige
Mein

Julius Katchen playing Schubert's Wanderer Fantasy.

Glenn Gould talking about Svatoslav Richter playing Schubert's G Major Sonata

Here's the first movement of Schubert's Death and the Maiden String Quartet.

Here's the first movement of Schubert's Symphony 8.


Hector Berlioz (1803-1869)

Songe d'une Nuit de Sabbat from the Symphonie Fantastique.

Schubert's Erlkonig orchestrated by Berlioz!


Fanny Mendelssohn Hensel (1805-1847)
Fanny Hensel's Piano Piece Opus 2, No. 1 (performed by Byron Schenkman), and her Notturno for Piano and Song Without Words Opus 8, no. 3 performed by Elzbieta Sternlicht.


Fanny's younger brother Felix Mendelssohn (1809-1847)

You can read about him here.

Here's the last movement of Mendelssohn's Octet, and here's his Rondo Capriccioso.

Mendelssohn Italian Symphony First Movement

Mendelssohn Violin Concerto last movement

Beethoven Orchestral Music

For starters, here's a great performance of the Coriolan Overture conducted by Carlos Kleiber

Here's the First Symphony Movement 1,
Movement 2
Movement 3
Finale

Here's an awesome performance of the first movement of the Second Symphony played on the street in Italy, and here's the last movement played in a concert hall.

Here's the opening two chords of the Eroica Symphony from recordings made beginning in 1924 and progressing to 2011.

Here's the first movement of the Third Symphony (the Eroica), here's the rest of the first movement, and the second movement (the funeral march), here's the more of the second movement here's the rest of the second movement, the third movement, and the beginning of the fourth, and here's the rest of the fourth movement.

Here is an annotated video of the Fourth Symphony conducted by the GREAT Carlos Kleiber.

Here a performance of the first movement of the Fifth Symphony conducted by Arturo Toscanini.
Here is movement 2 also conducted by Toscanini.

Here's the whole Fifth Symphony conducted by Leonard Bernstein:

First Movement
Second Movement Part I
Second Movement Part II
Third Movement
Bridge to the Last Movement and Last Movement Part I
Last Movement Part II

Here is the first movement of the Sixth Symphony conducted by Bernard Haitink, here's the third movement, and here is the last movement

Here is the Symphony #7 Movement 1, parts 1 and 2 conducted by Carlos Kleiber.
The second movement (an absolute MUST HEAR movement of Beethoven),
Movement 3, and
Movement 4.

Here is a great performance of Rene Liebowitz conducting the first movement of the 8th Symphony. Here is Furtwangler conducting the second, a rather stately third movement, and the last movement.

Here is the canon that Beethoven used in the second movement: "Lieber Maelzel" (Johann Nepomuk Maelzel) is the name of the man who invented the metronome, the man who made Beethoven's ear trumpets, and the inventer of the "Chess Playing Turk," one of the greatest hoaxes of all time.



[Compare the second movement to the second movement of Haydn's "Clock" Symphony.]


Here's the Ninth Symphony in Seven Parts
Part One
Part Two
Part Three
Part Four
Part Five
Part Six (the beginning of the Ode to Joy)
Part Seven (Seid umschlungen, Millionen!)
and a Wikipedia article about the piece, with a translation of the text.

Beethoven String Quartets and Piano Music


Young Beethoven

Beethoven in 1815

Older Beethoven

Beethoven's Death Mask

String Quartet Opus 18 #1 played by the Alban Berg Quartet

First Movement
Second Movement
Third Movement
Fourth Movement

Here's a score for Opus 18 #1

Grosse Fugue, played by the Alban Berg Quartet

Part 1
Part 2

and here's an animation of he Grosse Fugue!

Beethoven Songs, Sonatas, Piano Concertos, and other chamber music


This is a page from the manuscript of Beethoven's Piano Trio in D, known as the "Ghost" trio, which you can listen to here.

Leonard Rose and Glenn Gould play Beethoven
Beethoven Cello Sonata #5 part 1 played by Richter and Rostropovich
Beethoven Cello Sonata #5 part 2 played by Richter and Rostropovich
"Spring" Violin Sonata played by Oistrakh and Oborin

Beethoven Piano Sonata Opus 13 performed by Glenn Gould
Movement 1
Movement 2
Movement 3

First edition of the Sonata Opus 13

Richter plays Beethoven's last piano sonata

Here's a link to the manuscript of Opus 111

Dudley Moore Beethoven Sonata Parody If you get the humor you know that you are learning something from this class.
Rowan Atkinson (a.k.a. Mr. Bean) mimes Beethoven (it stars with the sonata you know, and moves on).

Nathan Milstein plays Beethoven's Kreutzer Sonata (first movement). And here's the last movement.

Here is a film of a rehearsal of the first movement of the Kreutzer Sonata played by violinist David Oistrakh.

Fritz Wunderlich

Film about Fritz Wunderlich's death (click on "more info" for an English translation)
Here he is singing some Mozart

If you haven't already done so on an earlier post, you can look at the Classical Period study guide here.

Mozart Symphonies, Piano Concertos, and Haydn Quartets


This is the autograph of the opening of Mozart's "Dissonance" Quartet, and you can listen here to a reading of it by the Lyra Quartet

Here is a link to the Neue Mozart Ausgabe, or the scores for Mozart's complete works. The Symphony #40, K550 is in series IV, Volume 9, and it begins on page (or "Seite" in German) 125. Click on the note, and then enter the page number to access the score.

This Wikipedia article about Mozart's Symphony #40 includes audio links to complete performances of all the movements.

Mozart Symphonies and Piano Concerti on YouTube:

Symphony #40, first movement (in an animation)

Symphony #41, the "Jupiter," last movement
Symphony #41, the "Jupiter," second movement

Mozart Piano Concerto 23, first movement

Mozart Piano Concerto 17, first movement, part 1
Mozart Piano Concerto 17, first movement, part 2



In the above picture you can see the word "fine" (which means "the end") as written by Mozart at the end of the multi-colored manuscript of his 4th Horn Concerto (see, I wasn't making this up). Here is the Rondo of this work as played by Dennis Brain.


Haydn String Quartets

Opening of the Sunrise Quartet
Opus 20 #2
The Minuet from Opus 77 #1 played by the St. Lawrence Quartet
The opening movement of the "Quinten" Quartet, Opus 76 #2
Haydn's "Joke Quartet" (Opus 33, No. 2) explained and illustrated